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  Essex Bobby Turned Brewer  
 
Biography 

William Henry Luard Pattisson (1837-1895)
 
Eldest of ten sons
William Henry Luard Pattisson was born on 20 July 1837 in Cogeshale1, Essex. He was the first of 10 sons of Jacob Howell PattissonFT (1803-1874), a solicitor-attorney who started out with a practice in Witham, and Charlotte Garnham Luard (1816-1904), also of Witham, Essex. William Pattisson was the eldest of 16 siblings.

William HL Pattisson 
William Henry Luard Pattisson
Photo: Courtesy of The Pattisson Family, 2010 

1841 Census
No details.

Dewlands Farm (1845)
William was living with his parents in Dewlands Farm in Black Notley, Braintree, Essex in 1845, the former home of the celebrated biologist-naturalist John Ray (1627-1705). William's father owned the house, and it was there that William's father, Jacob Howell Pattisson, entertained members of the Linnaean Society with "an elegant cold collation".2

Witham House (1851)
By 1851, William Pattisson's parents had moved from Black Notley to Witham House, a grand nineteenth century town house at 57 Newland Street, Witham, Essex. [3] The household was run by nine servants, among whom were a cook, laundry-, kitchen- and housemaids, a footman and a governess-cum-teacher. William Pattisson was 13 years old and attending school, as was customary for the sons over seven years of age. William was living there with four brothers4 and five sisters.5 Harriett Board, a 22-year-old unmarried governess from Devon, was charged with educating the four eldest girls and John R.

Cambridge (1856)
On 14 March 1854, William Pattisson was admitted to St John's College, Cambridge, where his father had also studied. William began university life in the Michaelmas Term 1854.6 He wrote for the Johnian magazine The Eagle. Owing to a change in family fortunes, William was only able to study there for eight academic terms before being withdrawn7, and went down on 14 April 1859.8 
 
Pattisson joins police (1859)
On 1 July 1859, 22-year-old William Pattisson joined the Essex County Constabulary and was promoted in December 1859 to the rank of superintendent. He was stationed in Epping, Essex, for several years before becoming Deputy Chief Constable of Essex, an office he held from 1867 to 30 April 1874. During 1859, William's father moved the family to Tonbridge, Kent, where he continued working as a solicitor.9 The move coincided with Jacob Howell Pattisson's decision to send his all his younger sons to Tonbridge School, starting with James Jollie.

Epping Police Station (1861)
On 7 April 1861, William Pattisson, 23, was registered as living at the Police Station in the High Street, Epping, Essex, and was a Superintendent. At the time of the census, William had a visitor lodging with him, a William R. Williams, a 62-year-old practising barrister born in Heytesbury, Wiltshire in 1798.9 The nature of their relationship is not certain, but it is conceivable that the barrister was staying with William at the Police Station while on Pattisson family business.

Deputy Chief Constable (1867-1874)
William was appointed Deputy Chief Constable of Essex in 1867, a rank he would hold until 1874.

Chelmsford (1871)
On 2 April 1871, William Pattisson was living in Springfield Court, Chelmsford, Essex with Police Constable James Pepper and his wife Sarah (housekeeper) and their two-year-old daughter. William was head of the household and single. The enumerator recorded his birthplace as Witham, Essex, rather than Cogeshale as found in the 1861 England Census. 
 
Bloomsbury wedding (1874)
On 8 January 1874, William Pattisson married Emily Celestine Hill, the 3rd daughter of Colonel Sir Stephen John Hill, the Governor of Newfoundland. They married in the Parish Church of St George, Bloomsbury, London, according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church, after the banns of marriage had been read out in church beforehand. The wedding was officiated by William's 38-year-old uncle, Bixby Garnham Luard, who at that time was the Vicar of Aveley.
 
Marriage certificate
The marriage certificate records William's rank or profession as 'Gentleman'. The ceremony was witnessed by William Hill, the bride's brother, Jacob Howell Pattisson, the groom's father, and Edith Chapman. William's address at the time of marriage is given as Springfield [ed. Court], a parish situated on the eastern side of Chelmsford, Essex, while Emily's was Woburn Square11, Bloomsbury, midway between Russell Square and Euston Station.

Writtle Brewery (1874-1895)
In 1874, William Pattisson's father died. It was also around this time that William is thought to have ended his career in the Essex Police Force and, perhaps with the help of a bequest from his father, became involved with the Essex-based Writtle Brewery, located on the west side of Chelmsford.

Tonbridge (1881)
On 5 April 1881, William and Emily Pattisson were living in the High Street (Schedule No. 69), Tonbridge, Kent. Emily Celestine's place of birth is given in the 1881 Census as Honduras. The couple, who had a three-year-old daughter Charlotte Alice Pattisson (b. 1878, Writtle) were living as a family with William's 64-year-old widowed mother, Charlotte Garnham Pattisson. By 1881, William's had become a 'brewer', and eventually became the Managing Director of Writtle Brewery.12
 
Three generations under one roof
The house in Tonbridge High Street was being shared by other members of the Pattisson family and friends, namely:
  • Mary, a 31-year-old unmarried governess
  • Walter Badely, 26, an unmarried solicitor
  • Frederick Luard, a 24-year-old unmarried broker and a member of the London Stock Exchange
  • Richard Murrills, 20, born in Tonbridge, and a Cambridge undergraduate
  • John Hammond (Richard M's friend), 20, visitor, and also a Cambridge undergraduate

The household was being run by three domestic servants; 2 housemaids and a kitchenmaid.

Pattissons for neighbours
The house next door (Schedule No. 68) was also being lived in by Pattissons: Commander Pattisson, Royal Navy, and his wife Emma Agnes Pattisson, 33, and her two children, John Howell Pattisson 2nd (aged 6) and Agnes Madeline Pattisson (aged 4). Emma's husband was away on naval duties, leaving her to run the household with a general servant and a nursemaid.13

Conybeare's loan (1891)
On 11 March 1891, William Pattisson, aged 54, along with two of his other brothers and his uncle, Bixby Garnham Luard, loaned a total of £3,000 to Charles A. V. Conybeare when he mortgaged the 'Tregullow Offices' (later Zimapan) together with various other properties.14 See The 1891 Indenture. According to Portsmouth conveyancing solicitor Ian K. Nelson, the loan was a "straightforward investment".15

Writtle (1895)
William Pattisson died in Writtle, Chelmsford, on 16 July 1895, aged 57,16, the year before the 'Tregullow Offices', the property he had co-mortgaged with two of his brothers and his uncle, was placed in trust by Charles Conybeare as part of a marriage settlement. William Pattisson left a widow with two daughters and three sons. Sixteen months later, his widow Emily died on 17 November 1896, at Hill House, Ealing.17

The loan
It is not known what became of his share of the loan, or whether it was ever repaid, or who benefited from the interest owing on his outstanding money. Given the terms of the 1891 Indenture, however, the sum borrowed may have been assigned to one of William's heirs named in his will (most likely his wife), or perhaps to one of William's brothers who was involved in the investment scheme.


Footnotes
1. The 1861 England Census.
2. Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900.
3. Witham House: a painting from the Pattisson Collection, photographed by Guy Burges. House now occupied by HSBC Bank.
4. Jacob Luard (10), Hoël T. (7), John R. (6), James Jollie (2 mth).
5. Charlotte (12), Elizabeth (11), Sarah J. G. (9), Rachel (4), Mary (1).
6. Michaelmas Term: 10 Oct to 16 Dec.
7. Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900.
8. The Library of St John's College, Cambridge, 2009.
9. Essex Record Office, Pattisson family correspondence.
10. This barrister is not, coincidentally, the (Sir) William Robert Williams of the famous mining dynasty, who rented the 'Tregullow Offices' from CAVC and died aged 42.
11. Marriages& Banns, 1754-1921, Ancestry.com.
12. Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900.
13. The 1881 England Census.
14. The 1902 Conveyance.
15. Ian K. Nelson, 2009.
16. Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900.
17. The Times, 19 Nov 1896.